Anabolic Steroids: Pros and Cons
The entire world strives for perfect body shapes. Ads all over mass media prove that everyone around is perfect, except us. Magazines and billboards try to convince us that steroids are the best and the most effective way to gain the perfect shape. Still, there is a controversial opinion of physicians and athletic coaches, concentrated upon effects of steroids.
Anabolic steroids were created in Germany in the late 1930’s. First tests were held on dogs and later on soldiers. First steroids were used for keeping prisoners alive and making soldiers more brutal during the battle. After World War II, European and American doctors used steroids for treatment of anemia, malnutrition and quick recovery after surgeries. Twenty years later Dr. Zeigler discovered that the main ingredient of steroids was testosterone. Soon steroids appeared on the market.
Nowadays steroids are widely used in medical practice for treatment of allergic reactions, arthritis and cancer. Moreover, steroids compensate hormone deficiencies or their overproduction, and imitate the stimulation of androgen responsible for muscle building. Teenagers as well as adults use steroids to gain muscles or to achieve better results in sport.
Unfortunately, many athletes do not pay enough attention to negative effects of anabolic steroids, some of which can threaten their life. Short term effects are: severe acne, shrunken testicles and breast development for men; facial hair growth for women. There are also irreversible long term effects: liver tumors, jaundice and heart failure.
Anabolics if taken in large regular doses can also lead to psychological effects, as steroid receptors in our brain are responsible for controlling judgment and mood. In this case side effects can also include over competitiveness, aggression and violence. Long term usage can cause depression, loss of appetite, insomnia and decreased sex drive.
Although the negative effects of anabolic steroids are discussed in public and well-covered by the media, too many teenagers and athletes use them. The explanation is simple: they surely believe that the increased results will cover the negative effects of steroids.
In many countries steroids are now…