Effective curriculum requires an approach to teacher learning that takes into account several aspects such as the needs of the students, teachers, and the society. The process of curriculum development and improvement of pedagogy should be maximal effective and efficient. It is important that this process is built upon prior observed practices as well as documented literature. An effective curriculum, pedagogy and assessment strategy that improves the students’ outcomes is one that has the following three dimensions: intellectual quality, quality learning environment, and significance.This dimension expects students to communicate the things they learn and requires them to involve higher order thinking. In addition, it also tends to treat knowledge as something that needs active construction (Anderson, 1984). The second dimension is quality learning environment and it involves creating a classroom environment primarily focused on learning where both the teachers and students work together productively. Such a focus is important since it enables creation of positive relations among students and between teachers and students. There are a lot of high expectations set by the method. The third dimension is significance; it is all about bringing meaning into the process of learning and making students understand the importance of what they are learning. This dimension helps students to make connections of several important aspects of learning. They make connections of the previous learning and knowledge, connections of the contexts outside classroom, helps them to be culturally sensitive and have multiple ways of knowing.
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Griffin, J. M. 2009. A Smart Energy Policy: An Economist’s Rx for Balancing Cheap, Clean, and Secure Energy. Yale University Press.
Energy and environmental policy is just one area among many in which the stranglehold of lobbyists and wealthy elites over the political system is obvious, and this has done much to fuel the populist backlash in recent years. In 2000-08, the energy and natural resource sector spent $304 million on federal elections, 72% of which went to Republican candidates. Of this $141 million came from the oil and gas industry, and overall these industries were the fifth largest contributors to elections, with finance, insurance and real estate (FIRE) always in first place. In George W, Bush, they also had a Texas president whose family had been closely connected to the oil and gas industry for decades, and had himself been head of an independent oil company. Senator John McCain called the Energy Policy Act of 2005 the No Lobbyist Left Behind Law and Senator Hillary Clinton made an issue of it in the 2008 Democratic primaries since Barack Obama voted for it. It passed both Houses of Congress with bipartisan support, and offered $1.6 billion in grants and $12.3 billion in subsidies, mostly for the oil, coal and nuclear industries. Among its significant provisions was the Halliburton Loophole, which allowed hydraulic fracturing in methane gas extraction to be exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act, which also benefitted other major energy companies such as ConocoPhillips, Chevon-Texaco and Devon Energy, which spent $15 million of the 2004 elections and $70 million on lobbying Congress. It also exempted oil and gas companies from the Federal Water Pollution Act and restricted the ability of states to regulate offshore drilling, including in the Gulf of Mexico—which is where the Deepwater Horizon explosion led to the worst oil spill in history a few years later. Texas companies gained disproportionately from the Energy Policy Act, not coincidentally because House Majority Leader Tom DeLay and Joe Barton, chair of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, were from that state. DeLay of course was later imprisoned for corruption and Barton apologized to British Petroleum after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Other provisions of the bill included $4.3 billion in tax breaks for the nuclear industry, $2.8 billion for fossil fuels and $1.6 billion for ‘clean coal’, although renewable energy also obtained $2.7 billion due to lobbying by environmental groups. It also had grants for wind, solar, biofuel, hydrogen fuel cells and tax breaks for energy conservation, as well as direct grants to unnamed companies favored by certain Senators, including the Larry Craig of Idaho, who later resigned because of a bizarre sex scandal. There were also $3 billion in grants for new coal-fired power plants. In short, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 was a classic pork barrel project which once again demonstrated “special interest influence in policymaking”, which is the only type of energy policy that ever passes Congress.
This is my Personal Statement to the University of Vermont to pursue a degree in Business Administration.I come from a background where hard work and good education was given top priority. My strong sense of integrity and work ethics has been valued by my superiors as well as my team members at my company, Loors Corp. A dynamic personality with strong leadership abilities has helped me in managing a small team very efficiently for over five years now.
“The only appropriate and realistic model of the Dr.‐patient relationship is paternalism. Doctors are the medical experts; most patients have little, if any, reliable medical knowledge; implicit trust in one’s physician is essential to the healing process; and doctors have the responsibility for our health and therefore have the duty to make all the important medical decisions.” Critically assess that claim.
In this very permissible society, in the context of a global village and advanced technologies, there are always exceptions to the rules. Knowledge and information abound. We all know in a glance, because the technologies, such as the Internet, allow us to learn so many things in just one click of a mouse.
Business giant, the example of tremendous success, leadership standards and perfect human capital management are considered to be synonyms of the Microsoft Corporation. Established back in 1975, the corporation has developed from passion of two school friends for computers to the biggest multinational and multimillion corporation that develops, manufactures and sells all types of computing products. Why is this company so successful and different from the other organizations on the same market? These are several factors that determined the success of the company throughout its existence, some of them are market driven, such as demand and low competition in segment, or availability of resources on the market that generated this unique composition of competence and experience that brought first products of the company to the world.